Patiala salwar have always remained in fashion. They are a great blend of utility and style which makes them a must have in our wardrobe. Patiala salwars are worn with short tops or kurtis and are usually stitched with cotton, satin materials, etc. Patialas with embroidery and patchwork are also very popular. Patiala salwars require more cloth than an ordinary salwar. While ordinary salwars require about 2 ½ metres of cloth, patiala salwars require nearly 3 ½ metres of cloth.
Basically a patiala salwar has 3 parts.
- One waist band
- 2 kalli pieces (one for each leg)
- 4 triangle shaped pieces (two for each leg)
Given below is the construction and method for stitching a patiala salwar.
Length of the salwar (41”)
Round ankle (11” + 1” for stitching allowance)
Approximate measurements are given in brackets. This is only for reference. Take your own measurements and use it to stitch the patiala salwar.
For the legs
0 to 1 = salwar length – waist band width (i.e. 8”) + 1” (e.g. 41”-8”+1” = 34”)
0 to 2 = Full cloth width
1 to 3 = Full cloth width
1 to 4 = 3”
2 to 5 = 3”
6 to 7 = (1/3 hip) + 1 ½” – waist band width
8 to 7 = (1/3 hip) + 1 ½” – waist band width
Join 5 to 4
First take the required amount of cloth and open fully. Then fold it into half in the reverse side such that the two ends of the cloth are on top of each other.
Take the ends as 1 and 3.
0 to 2 and 1 to 3 are full cloth widths.
From the edge leave ½” allowance and mark the 0 to 1 measurement (e.g. 34”) as shown. Similarly mark 2 as shown. Draw a straight line joining 0 and 2.
Now calculate 6 to 7 and 8 to 7 measurements and mark as shown in the figure.(If for e.g. it is 6” then take an inch tape and place over 5 measurement. Start moving towards 0 upto the point you measure 6”on the 5 to 4 line. Mark 7 on the line as shown)
Now cut the cloth at the 4 to 5 line and 0 to 2 line.
Place all the 4 layers on top of each other and leave 1/2 “ at the top and along the diagonal. Leave 1/2” allowance at the 6 to 7 line as well and cut the cloth. Both the Patiala legs are stitched together at this line.
Cut two pieces using the following measurements
0 to 1 = salwar length – waist band width + 1”
0 to 2 = approximately 13” (including stitching allowance. The maximum that we can take is 16”)
1 to 3 = approximately 13”
Cut one single piece for the waist band using the following measurements
0 to 1 = waist band width (i.e. 8”) +2”= 10”
The 2” extra is taken to make the opening for inserting the draw string.
0 to 2 = full hip +6” (e.g. 46”)
1 to 3 = full hip +6”
Stitch the 3 pieces of one leg together. Do the same thing with the other leg.
Then measure the a to b distance as shown and cut 2 ankle bands with this length and 5” breadth. Cut buckram (cloth stiffener) of the same length and 2” breadth. Now stitch the two ankle bands along with the buckram pieces to the foot part of both the legs. For this refer Basics of stitching a salwar.
Once the two legs are ready, join the two legs at the 6 to 7 line. Then take the waist band, stitch the two ends together in the reverse leaving 1” allowance near the edges and 1 ½” allowance on top. Double fold the excess cloth at the sides inwards and stitch. Next, double fold on top for the draw string and stitch on top. For detailed explanation, refer how to stitch waistband.
Once the waist band is ready, stitch the legs to the waist band taking 1/2” pleats throughout the circumference of the waist band. Make sure that the pleats are evenly distributed and yet cover the entire circumference. You can do long stitches with a thread and needle and check if it comes out perfect. Make a draw string and insert through the opening in the waist band. Finish the salwar by overlocking the cloth in the reverse to prevent thread from coming out. Patiala salwar is now ready.
You can also have a look at other tutorials....
- How to stitch a Harem pant
- How to stitch a gathering pant/ Churidhar
- How to stitch a Semi Patiyala salwar
- How to stitch a salwar